Linguistics Colloquium: Lior Laks
Lior Laks, Bar Ilan University, Department of English Literature & Linguistics
Title:“How do penguins differ from kangaroos? Vowel 'dropability' in the pluralization of vowel ending loanwords in Hebrew”
(This talk will be delivered via Zoom; invite will be sent out closer to the date)
Abstract: This study examines variation (and lack thereof) in pluralization of loan nouns in Hebrew that end with a vowel. Most loanwords take the suffix plural -imwith no variation as demonstrated for pingwin-im 'penguins' (1). In contrast, words that end with vowels other that a, demonstrate variation where at least four options can be found. The word kenguru 'kangaroo' can take the suffix -im(2a), it can take the same suffix with the deletion of the final vowel (2b), it can retain its singular form (2c), and it can surface in its English plural form (2d)
(1) higiu od šlošapingwin-im
'three more penguins arrived'
(2) a. šloša kenguru-imše hayu ba-kluv barxu
'three kangaroos that were in the cage escaped'
b. šney kengur-imravu al nekeva
'two kangaroos were fighting for one female'
c. krav egrofim ben šney kenguru
'a feast fight between two kangaroos'
d. im lahaka šel 34 kanguru-z
'with agroup of 34 kangaroos'
Why does such variation occur? Primarily, Hebrew nouns that end with vowels other than aare relatively rare. The Hebrew morphological mechanism is not accustomed to pluralizing such words and as a result, speakers apply a variety of strategies. This talk focus on the competition between plural forms in (2a) and (2b), namely variation in deleting and not deleting the final vowel. I will propose a hierarchy of vowel 'dropability' with respect to the five vowels in Hebrew. This hierarchy predicts which vowels are more or less likely to be dropped. It is based on the interaction of markedness and faithfulness constraints as well as on paradigm accessibility in word formation.
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